Market Brief: FED hikes but USD falls

30 May 2020

James Dazeley

Dealing team

As widely expected, the Fed opted to raise the Federal funds target rate range by 25bps to 1.50-1.75%. The tone of the statement is more positive in its tone looking forward.

Today's data releases
  Key levels
12.00 MPC official Bank rate votes   Support Resistance
12.00 Monetary Policy Summary GBP/USD 1.3853 1.4145
12.00 Official Bank rate GBP/EUR 1.1220 1.1575

Market overview

The U.K.’s yearlong squeeze on living standards may be finally nearing an end after figures out yesterday showed that headline earnings growth had picked up to 2.8% (3m YoY) (consensus 2.6%, Investec 2.7%) from an upwardly revised 2.7% in December, the strongest reading recorded since September 2015. Meanwhile, the unemployment rate saw an immediate return to 4.3% (consensus 4.4%, Investec 4.4%) after having surprisingly risen to 4.4% in December, with the number of people in work rising 168k. Alongside this we had PSNBx figures which showed that the public sector borrowed (PSNBX) £1.3bn in February (consensus +£1.8bn, Investec -£1.1bn) after having been in surplus by £10.1bn in January. Markets largely took their steer from the strong labour market figures, judging that it would supersede yesterday’s softer CPI figures at the MPC meeting on Thursday and reinforce the likelihood of a May rate hike; sterling gained 50 ticks against the dollar to $1.4070 and has since gained further by close to an additional cent to $1.4160.
 
The USD was down against most of its G10 peers on the day after reports that China was planning countermeasures against U.S. tariffs. China is preparing to hit back with tit-for-tat tariffs aimed at U.S. President Trump’s support base, including levies targeting U.S. agricultural exports from farm belt states according to reports in the Wall Street Journal. China likely to target key U.S. exports of soybeans, sorghum and live hogs!
 
Attention then turned to the FOMC meeting with the Fed - and Congress – reportedly working through a snowstorm that closed numerous government offices in Washington. As widely expected, the Fed opted to raise the Federal funds target rate range by 25bps to 1.50-1.75%. The tone of the statement is more positive in its tone looking forward. The key phrase here is that the ‘economic outlook has strengthened in recent months’ which looks to be a nod to the positive uplift to growth this year and next from recent fiscal announcements. Note that the decision to raise rates was unanimous. On top of the more upbeat tone on the outlook, a more hawkish steer on the path of Fed path tightening comes from two elements of the accompanying forecasts.
 
The ‘dot plot’ maintains the 3 hike view of the appropriate path for rates this year, but only just; if one further participant had considered 4 hikes appropriate then the median view would have shifted. The ‘dot plot’ also includes an extra dot (25bp hike) for next year on top of what was in the December projections, such that it now has 3 hikes for 2019. The dot plot also points to 37.5 bps of tightening in 2020. The higher ‘dot plot’ path over the 3-year horizon and more upbeat tone on the economic outlook in the statement are supported by a clear upgrade to growth forecasts for the next two years. These are also supported by the unemployment rate projections, now seen falling to 3.6% (was 4.0% in December’s forecast) by end-2020, whilst PCE inflation is seen above the 2.0% goal at 2.1% (was 2.0%) also in Q4 2020. Note that the estimate of the ‘longer-term’ Fed funds rate has also been pushed up, implying the Fed’s normalisation course might also now have further to run. Although the overall message from the Fed was a positive one, the USD suffered its biggest fall in two months and was lower versus all of its G-10 peers as it appears the market was expecting a slightly more hawkish tilt. GBP/USD advanced into the 1.41’s while EUR/USD was higher moving back above 1.2350 following the news. 
 

The day ahead

Today the main focus will be on the BoE meeting at 12:00. Though the BoE is not expected to raise interest rates, a hawkish stance combined with any UK-positive news from the EU leaders’ summit could provide a further boost for the pound. We should also see Donald Trump’s ‘trade war’ remain in the headlines today as reports suggest he is set to announce $50billion of tariffs against China. China’s response so far have been one of “strategic composure”, if this changes we can expect volatility to increase with the USD continuing to remain under pressure. 
 

Thought of the day

The two day EU Summit kick-starts today with the key discussion point being good old Brexit! On Monday we saw optimistic progress on the process, where both parties agreed in principal on a transitional period. As it stands the transitional period will last from Brexit day on 29 March 2019 to 31 December 2020. However key differences remain, namely the Irish Border issue. Why is the Northern Ireland border question so hard? The international border between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland is about 310 miles long with, depending on how many tracks you include, as many as 275 crossing points. In reality, the entire border is a crossing point because, apart from road signs changing from miles per hour to kilometres per hour, there is no physical infrastructure to see. The obvious solution is for Northern Ireland to remain part of the Customs Union, but the UK Government have ruled that option out. So what will the solution be? Will this be the stumbling point that stops progress? Another issue that is bound to come to light at some point is, Gibraltar! Do you have any thoughts on these issues? Are you concerned over your FX hedging? IS Sterling really on a one way track higher? If you would like to discuss further please call the Investec FX Dealing team today.

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