11 May 2021

Sub-Saharan Africa’s first CSP molten salt tower will power 210,000 homes

Patrick Lawlor


Sub-Saharan Africa’s first Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) molten salt tower expected to electrify 210,000 South African homes during peak demand periods. As SA renewable projects scale, the plant, which comes online in 2023, is yet another example of cheaper, more reliable power solutions on the horizon.

Get Focus insights straight to your inbox


Please complete all required fields before sending.

Thank you

We look forward to sharing out of the ordinary insights with you

Sorry there seems to be a technical issue

Historically, fossil fuels (such as coal, petroleum or gas) have dominated the power generation landscape, thanks to their relative affordability and dispatchability. Over the last decade, however, the picture has changed considerably, with renewable sources such as solar and wind becoming much cheaper.

As more renewable capacity is rolled out, the benefits from moving further down the cost curve will continue to be realised. South Africa’s own renewable rollout is a perfect example of this, as the numbers for the latest solar power project testify. The 100MW ACWA Power SolarReserve Redstone Solar Thermal Power Plant, also known as the Redstone CSP Tower, which began early works in February in the Northern Cape, is expected to electrify about 210,000 South African homes during peak demand periods.

The Redstone CSP Tower will be the CSP plant with the lowest tariff, thanks to the benefits of scale and improvements in solar technologies in recent times. Investec has been closely involved in the project since 2018, as the first commercial bank to support the transaction. Its involvement includes providing senior debt worth R750m, foreign exchange, and interest rate hedging, as well as other facilities.

Completion is set for October 2023. The facility will have a purchase power agreement (PPA) for 20 years with Eskom, starting on completion of the project. The total project cost is estimated at R11.5bn.

CSP plant in gansu province, China

An aerial view of a 100-megawatt molten salt tower solar thermal power plant in China's Gansu province.

A record-breaking CSP

According to Bernard Geldenhuys, Senior Transactor in the Power and Infrastructure team at Investec Bank, it will also boast a number of other firsts. “Not only will it be sub-Saharan Africa’s first CSP molten salt tower, but it will also be the largest of its kind in sub-Saharan Africa, second only to Morocco’s 150MW NOOR III CSP, also commissioned by ACWA.”

Geldenhuys says Redstone CSP Tower will also be the CSP with the largest storage capacity on the continent and the lowest tariff in South Africa. “It’s the first Renewable Energy Independent Power Producer Procurement (REIPPP) project to provide ancillary services (grid stabilisation services) to Eskom, at no additional cost. And it’s the largest REIPPP project, in terms of total investment,” he explains.

Redstone in numbers


total project cost


height of the central receiver tower

12 hours

storage of additional electricity supply
What is a CSP?

A CSP molten salt tower, as its name suggests, is a 250m tall central receiver tower which uses molten salt as the heat transfer fluid and storage medium. It differs from CSP molten salt parabolic trough plants, in that the solar energy reflected from the solar field directly heats up the molten salt contained in the central receiver positioned on top of the tower. 

A CSP molten salt parabolic trough plant uses thermal oil, which is heated by the reflected solar energy and in turn heats up the molten salt in the storage system. This intermediate heat transfer process in parabolic trough systems causes significant energy losses and therefore is a less efficient plant.

Molten salt technology allows solar energy to be stored for dispatch during the evenings and early mornings, when demand among households is usually greater and the sun does not shine. Advances in solar field control systems and improvements through scale have made this an increasingly viable alternative to coal-powered plants.

“In the Redstone CSP Tower case, the thermal storage lasts for 12 hours, making it a truly dispatchable facility,” says Geldenhuys.

The rollout of renewable projects should not only assist the transition to low and zero carbon emissions but will also benefit regions such as the Northern Cape economically, through job creation and enterprise development. “This project is estimated to create over 2,000 jobs over the life of the plant,” he says.

Investec’s involvement follows that of other successful CSP projects in South Africa. One is the 50MW ACWA Power Solafrica Bokpoort CSP, commissioned in March 2016 and also located in the Northern Cape, where it provides power for over 100,000 homes. Investec recently led a R5bn refinancing for the project - the largest infrastructure refinancing in South Africa. 

Another is the 100MW Kathu Solar Park, currently South Africa’s largest CSP plant providing electricity for 179,000 households. Investec partnered with the developers and provided both equity and debt financing to the project.

“As renewable energy moves down the cost curve, so the possibilities for delivering cheap, reliable power solutions open up able to serve larger bases of users. New projects in South Africa clearly demonstrate this process. The Redstone CSP is an excellent example of how, as renewable energy builds scale, so the benefits of lower costs and improved technology become clearer for all stakeholders,” concludes Geldenhuys. 

About the author

Patrick Lawlor

Patrick Lawlor


Patrick writes and edits content for Investec Wealth & Investment, and Corporate and Institutional Banking, including editing the Daily View, Monthly View and One Magazine - an online publication for Investec's Wealth clients. Patrick was a financial journalist for many years for publications such as Financial Mail, Finweek and Business Report. He holds a BA and a PDM (Bus.Admin.) both from Wits University.